A nice contrast between two great WWI propaganda maps. The first, an American one, shows the "subject peoples" of the Axis powers, for whom Woodrow Wilson sought self determination. The second, a German one, shows the overseas colonies of the Entente powers. To make a long story short, the Entente won, so their enemies' subjects in Eastern Europe, the Balkans and the Middle East were granted independence (well, with the exception of the ones in the Middle East). The subjects of the entente would have to wait until after World War Two.
More on the first map here and the second here.